COUNTY SOLID WASTE LONG TERM PLAN
Hart County Public Works Director
Solid Waste Division of the Public Works Department manages 8
convenience centers, 1 transfer station, manages all recyclable
materials, manages disposal and recycling of yard wastes, disposal
of illegally dumped tires and trash, and disposes of dead animals
from the side of County roads.
addition, there is a closed landfill that must be managed. The
landfill must be routine maintained (grass, earthwork etc…)
and routinely monitored for methane and groundwater issues. Currently
the methane issues are being addressed due to the fact that explosive
levels of methane are entering surrounding private property. In
addition, groundwater issues are also being addressed.
analysis of the operations for managing solid waste has also been
performed. This analysis indicates the need to put aside capital
replacement funding for the future replacement of equipment. In
FY03 the tipping fees were increased with intent to develop this
capital replacement fund.
we do not plan and budget for replacement of capital assets we
will be faced with a crises when these assets fail. By being proactive,
we can anticipate when these assets will fail, have funds available
for replacement, and operations can continue without interruption.
The alternative may be to halt collection of solid waste until
solutions to failed assets can be implemented.
1. Install methane alarms
2. Install GW check dams, send report of this action to EPD
3. Methane Monitoring plan revision January
4. Annual Landfill Maintenance Work
5. Install new methane wells July 2003
6. Begin Capital replacement funds- continue indefinitely
7. Begin implementation of operational improvements
1. Groundwater/surface water assessment report of corrective actions
2. Phase 3 methane (install vents) to the EPD for approval, November
3. Phase 3 methane complete, June 1, 2004.
1. Redo the DCA Solid Waste Management Plan
1. June 2006 verification that methane migration problem has been
resolved. If the problem still exists at this point we will proceed
with phase 4 methane.
1. DCA PLANS
Hart County must maintain a “Solid Waste Management Plan”
(hereafter referred to as the DCA plan) for the GA DCA. It is
important to note that this plan is a reporting requirement with
some long range goals. This reporting “plan” however
is not a comprehensive operational plan and analysis.
DCA plan was created in August 1992 and must be updated periodically.
Currently we have updated the short term work program that was
adopted for the period 1999-2003. The entire work plan must be
reworked by October 2005. Below is the remaining schedule for
the update of the short term work program.
2. CLOSED LANDFILL MANAGEMENT
2.A: Methane Gas Management
The past methane gas management program has not been successful
in keeping methane gases that develop from the decomposition of
the landfill wastes from migrating to privat property. A long
range program has been developed and is in the process of being
this plan, future phases will build on the investments of the
initial phases. If a phase does not solve the problem, then the
next phase will be implemented. At any point that the methane
gas migration problem is corrected the subsequent phases will
not be developed.
1: Methane Alarms- Budgeted at $50,000 (Finish 2003):
We are currently in the process of installing methane alarms in
the residents affected by the offsite methane migration. This
will warn the residents if explosive levels of methane build up
in their houses. Each resident will be provided an “action
sheet” that tells them what to do if the alarm goes off.
Once the alarms are installed, they will need to be routinely
2: Relocate Monitoring Well locations: Budgeted at $30,000.
It appears as though some of the methane monitoring wells may
not be at the permitted boundary (across from landfill road).
The data indicates that in several areas we may be able to move
the methane monitoring wells to the other side of Landfill road
and have a good probability of not detecting methane at the new
location. If this meets GAEPD approval we may be able to reduce
the scope of the next phase upon completion of this phase.
MM-1, MM-2, MM-3, MM-4, MM-6 and MM-7 into passive vents and replace
MM- 2, MM-3, and MM-4 across Landfill road. Moving the wells to
the permitted boundary may increase the likelihood of success
of bringing the County into compliance in some areas. In this
manner we will be able to determine exactly where methane is migrating
off site and adequately plan for phase 3 (remedial). The Methane
Monitoring Plan will be modified as well during this phase.
3: Install Passive Cap/perimeter vents: Budgeted at $100,000
This phase will install vents in the landfill cap near upper perimeter
of the landfill. The number of vents to be installed will be determined
at the end of Phase 2. These vents will be installed so that they
can easily be converted into methane wells for an active system
if necessary in phase 4. If no more methane is detected in the
monitoring wells, then no further action will be required.
County will prepare a plan to the EPD for review and approval
by November 1, 2003. Once the EPD approves the plan, the County
will proceed with developing bid documents and releasing the project
to bid and anticipates having Phase III completed by June 1, 2004.
June 2006 we would verify that the methane migration problem has
been resolved. If the problem still exists at this point we will
proceed with phase 4.
4: Install Active Methane Extraction system.: Budgeted at $300,000.
If the phase 3 passive system does not solve the problem we would
then proceed to an active system. This will include installing
a blower flare unit, wellheads, and header pipes to the vents
installed in Phase III
Hart County has spent money analyzing any potential impacts to
groundwater beneath the landfill. A plan of action has been presented
that requires Hart County to install check dams in the Spring
of 2003, in the creek to help remove any impacts that may be present.
Once completed, a report of this action will be sent to GAEPD.
acceptable to EPD, upon completion of the 2nd half 2003 groundwater
testing event, (report expected in January or February of 2004),
Hart County will provide an assessment of the groundwater and
surface water corrective measures. At this point additional actions
may or may not be required by EPD.
ANNUAL MAINTENANCE AND TESTING REQUIREMENTS:
The closed landfill must be maintained by Hart County for several
decades. Currently the landfill must be entirely bush hogged annually.
In addition the Road Department is used annually to fill any depressions
that form from subsiding trash below the cap that hold water.
Any areas of erosion must also be corrected annually. The GAEPD
performs annual inspections and any additional deficiencies must
also be corrected.
landfill must also be tested for methane generation currently
on a monthly basis. The groundwater and surface water must also
be tested for various constituents on a semi-annual (twice per
year) basis. The current testing protocols have been recently
updated and a revised testing schedule is being reviewed by the
GAEPD for approval. The testing protocol should be reviewed periodically
to determine if more or less testing is warranted.
3. SOLID WASTE OPERATIONS
MATERIALS MANAGED 2001, 2002:
2001: We managed 16,372 tons of materials. We recycled 2,144 tons
of materials or 13% of our waste materials received. We sent 14,228
tons of materials to the landfill or % of our waste stream. Recycled
materials include 1,165 tons of yard wastes that were mulched
and 979 tons of cardboard, metal, aluminum, mixed paper, newspaper,
plastic and glass.
In 2002 we handled 16,491 tons of materials (1% increase over
2001). We recycled 1,644 tons of materials or 10% of our waste
materials received and sent 14,847 tons of materials to the landfill
or 90% of our waste stream. Recycled materials include 724 tons
of yard wastes that were mulched and 920 tons of cardboard, metal,
aluminum, mixed paper, newspaper, plastic and glass.
materials would equate to about 143 pounds per person. Landfilled
materials would equate to 1,291 tons per person. Of course the
waste we manage is not strictly residential waste so these numbers
do not actually reflect the amount of wastes generated or recycled
OPERATIONS SURVEYS: About 200 Surveys were performed to determine
how much traffic we have at each center and how we can improve
Employee Surveys: The solid waste employees were asked to complete
a survey asking them if there were any ways we could improve their
jobs, any complaints they hear regularly from the public and recommended
solutions to these complaints, equipment and or supplies the clerks
may need to better perform their jobs, and any safety concerns
they may have.
· Complaints from Public were mainly about the hours and
days of operation
· Dumping of trash in the transfer station is hazardous
to the public.
· Request for better office facilities at the transfer
station for the employees, the office area is under sized
· The office areas at the Convenience centers need an awning
at the front to allow people to get out of the rain when purchasing
bags. We no longer allow non-employees into the buildings because
of the potential for theft and danger to the employees with the
money we collect at the convenience centers. We will investigate
the costs for installing these.
· Most of the Convenience centers have suggested wider
steps at the offices. Narrow steps could be a liability and we
will investigate this further.
· Several convenience centers have a problem with standing
water which is a problem for the public and a liability especially
when it freezes. We have plans and budget to correct this issue
· Several other suggestions that are low cost will be implemented
Convenience Center Surveys: The public was asked to fill out a
simple survey asking them questions on how they would rank our
centers overall, where can we improve, how can we improve, do
you recycle, and how often do you visit the center. A total of
175 surveys were collected. Some of the comments have been addressed
in #1 above especially the comments with regards to standing water
and porch roofs.
traffic count is listed in table 3.1. The traffic data is from
about 5 weeks in February and early March. Therefore the transient
lake traffic using the centers on Sundays during the summer may
not be represented in the data presented in this table.
In addition to the traffic count, the data indicates that overall
the public ranks our centers as “very good”, the highest
rating (88% of responses) with the remaining responses rating
our centers as “good” (the next lowest rating).
of the centers were overwhelmingly rated very good with the exception
of Nuberg where 68% responded that the center was “very
good” and 32% ranked the center as “good.”
CAN WE IMPROVE: A choice of where we can improve (appearance of
centers, hours of operation, days of operation, location of center,
container locations, service) indicated that the largest complaint
was about the hours and days of operation.
(20) responses desired more hours and 28 responses desired more
days of operation. In a write in section where people could elaborate
further on this, comments received were (in general):
· Keep centers open 6 or 7 days a week
· Keep centers open later on Saturdays
· Close centers on Sundays
· Open centers on Tuesday and Thursday
centers had numerous complaints about the standing water problem
in the paved areas. We are addressing this issue this year.
YOU RECYCLE?: Ninety four (94%) of the responses indicated that
they do recycle. This is probably due to the fact that we charge
people to dispose of their trash on a pay as you throw program
(where they pay more for more volume). However we do not charge
for recyclables. This is a strong incentive to remove recyclables
from their waste stream, discard the volume of recyclables for
free and only pay for the remaining items (trash) that can not
OFTEN DO YOU VISIT THE CONVENIENCE CENTER?: Five choices were
1. Once per month: 3% of responses
2. Twice per month: 14% of responses
3. Three times per month: 5% of responses
4. Four times per month: 41% of responses
5. More than 4 times per month: 37% of responses.
data may further support the need for more hours and days to provide
better service to the public.
CAPITAL REPLACEMENT PROGRAM
The Solid Waste Operation can not shut down. If equipment fails
an alternate means of performing operations must be obtained rapidly
or the trash will not be able to be removed.
The transfer station and the convenience centers should be adequate
to manage the needs of the County for at least 10 years based
on the current population projections.
only investment needed is a larger office area at the transfer
station and a better convenience center at the transfer station
so that individuals are no longer discarding trash within the
transfer station building. Currently individuals without county
trash bags are unloading trash within the transfer station building.
is very unsafe because the transfer station floor is slippery.
In addition there are sharp objects on the floor and the floor
is dirty with wastes and liquids. Also of concern is the movement
of large equipment in the station that creates an additional hazard.
address this issue in the short term, two open top containers
are planned to be placed at the station to allow individuals to
dispose of wastes without having to enter the transfer station
building. These open top containers however will create operational
obstacles that must be addressed.
The solid waste operation has numerous pieces of equipment that
operate in very harsh conditions. This equipment must be replaced
at a routine interval as shown in table below. Failure to replace
this equipment will result in a disruption of the solid waste